Skimming and Scanning
Skimmingrefers to the process of reading only main ideas within a passage to get an overall impression of the content of a reading
How to Skim:
*Read the title.
*Read the introduction or the first paragraph.
*Read the first sentence of every other paragraph.
*Read any headings and sub-headings.
*Notice any pictures, charts, or graphs.
*Notice any italicized or boldface words or phrases.
*Read the summary or last paragraph.
Scanningis a reading technique to be used when you want to find specific information quickly. In scanning you have a question in your mind and you read a passage only to find the answer, ignoring unrelated information.
How to Scan:
*State the specific information you are looking for.
*Try to anticipate how the answer will appear and what clues you might use to help you locate the answer. For example, if you were looking for a certain date, you would quickly read the paragraph looking only for numbers.
*Use headings and any other aids that will help you identify which sections might contain the information you are looking for.
*Selectively read and skip through sections of the passage.
(From College Reading and Study Skills and
Academic Reading and Study Skills for International Students)
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